San Luis Potosí, fifth state of Mexico with more drunkards
4.1% of adults drink alcohol every day; between 12 and 17 years the figure is 3.3%
By The Sax
San Luis Potosí is among the ten entities in the country with the highest levels of daily alcohol consumption in the population aged 12 to 65, according to data from the National Survey on Drug, Alcohol and Tobacco Consumption (Encodat) 2016-2017.
Encodat 2016-2017 estimates that potosinos from 12 to 65 years old have a per capita consumption of 8.5 liters of pure alcohol per year, while the per capita consumption in this same age group is 1.68 liters.
The total per capita consumption of potosinos and potosinas is 5 liters of pure alcohol.
In the state of San Luis Potosí, it is estimated that 3.9 percent of the population between 12 and 65 years of age consume alcohol daily, while 7.9 percent of the population are customary consumers, that is, habitual consumers or repeat offenders.
The highest percentage of daily alcohol consumption among the population of this age group is registered in Nuevo León, where 4.7 percent of the population between 12 and 65 years of age consumes alcohol daily. It is followed by Coahuila, where the daily habit in the consumption of intoxicating beverages reaches 4.6 percent of the population; Michoacán and Durango with 4.4 percent; Zacatecas with 4.3 percent, Colima with 4.1 percent and Queretaro with 4.0 percent.
San Luis Potosí is located in eighth place with 3.9 percent of daily consumers of alcohol among the population of 12 to 65 years. In ninth and tenth place are Quintana Roo with 3.8 percent and Aguascalientes with 3.7 percent.
At a national level, it is estimated that 2.9 percent of the population between 12 and 65 years old consume alcohol daily.
In the case of San Luis Potosí, daily alcohol consumption is more pronounced among men, with 6.5 percent, while in the case of women it only affects 1.5 percent.
Encodat 2017 also highlights that in San Luis Potosí, 3.3 percent of adolescents between 12 and 17 drink alcohol every day, while 4.2 percent are customary consumers.
Both indices are above the national average, since it is estimated that in the whole country, of the minor population between 12 and 17 years old, 2.6 percent are daily consumers of alcohol and 4.1 do so habitually.
San Luis Potosí is ranked fifth in the daily consumption of alcohol among the population aged 18 to 65 years, with 4.1 percent. In addition, 8.4 percent of this age group are habitual or customary consumers.
At a national level, the percentage of Mexicans aged 18 to 65 who drink alcohol every day is 3 percent, that is, San Luis Potosí is above this level, only below states such as Nuevo León (5.2%) , Michoacán (4.9%), Zacatecas (4.4%) and Durango (4.3%).
Added to this, in 29.6 percent of potosinos between 12 and 65 years of age, declared excessive consumption of alcohol in the last year, while 17.9 percent reported excessive consumption in the last month.
On the other hand, in the age group of 18 to 65 years, 32.9 percent recognized excessive consumption of alcohol in the last year, and 20.4 percent, practiced excessive consumption of alcohol in the last month, prior to the survey .
This percentage is accentuated among the male population from 18 to 65 years, where 49.1 percent, that is, practically one out of every two potosinos of age, recognizes excessive alcohol consumption in the last year, while 33.7 percent recognizes excessive consumption in the last month.
Regarding the adult female population from 18 to 65 years of age, 18.3 percent of this sector practiced excessive consumption of alcohol in the last year, and 8.3 percent consumed alcohol in excess in the last month prior to the measurement .
According to the Encodat, abuse in the consumption of alcoholic beverages, “is the problem of substance use more widespread in our country with serious social consequences and for the health of the population. Alcohol abuse is associated with more than 64 diseases and is the main risk factor for getting sick”- In addition, excessive consumption of alcohol is also the cause of road accidents and the trigger of social problems such as family violence.
At the national level, the excessive consumption of alcohol in the last month prior to the survey increased between 2011 and 2016, going from 12.3 percent to 19.8 percent; in the case of men it increased from 20.9 percent to 29.9 percent and in women from 4.1 to 10.3 percent.
Most people (29.1%) indicate that they need 5 to 7 drinks to feel drunk or drunk, followed by those who need 8 to 11 drinks (24.3%) and 12 drinks or more (23.2%).
31.2 percent of men said that they needed 12 or more drinks, while in the case of women the majority (33.2%) indicated that they needed between 5 and 7 drinks to experience drunkenness.
“Pre-copeo” is a custom increasingly rooted among young Mexicans. Even the survey highlights that adolescents drink more drinks (men 7.3 cups, women 5.1) than young people from 18 to 29 years, when precooked (5.2 cups in men and 4.1 in women).
Adolescents, on average, also drank more days in the four weeks prior to the survey (1.7 days in men and 1.9 in women), than young people from 18 to 29 years of age (1.4 days for men and 1.1 days for women) .
Although adolescents drink more, the percentage of young people between 18 and 29 years of age who continue to drink is higher.
The preferred beverages for the “precopeo”, in men, is beer, followed by distilled spirits, while in women, in addition to beer are canned beverages.
The reason for taking drinks before the main event is to talk with friends, spend less money. In the case of women, they also do it to reduce anxiety or stress.
The “precopeo” is a custom that is often practiced before going to a party (in the case of men it does so 50%, while in women 68%), to a bar, disco or nightclub.
Also read: SLP, second national place in sale of minors