SLP, second national place in sale of minors
From January to December 2018 there were four cases in the state, representing 11% of the national total
By La Orquesta
With four cases, San Luis Potosí ranks second in the incidence of delinquency in matters of child trafficking at the national level. Guanajuato is located in the first place, with seven complaints for this crime, according to data from the Executive Secretariat of the National Public Security System.
Between January and November 2018, the State Attorney General’s Office opened four investigation folders for an equal number of complaints of this crime. The cases occurred in Ciudad Fernández, Ciudad del Maíz, Rioverde and San Luis Potosí capital. Two of the victims were women.
Across the country, 36 cases of child trafficking were reported, which means that San Luis Potosí accounts for 11.1 percent of cases.
The entities that report cases of child trafficking are: Guanajuato (7), San Luis Potosí (4), Baja California (3), Oaxaca (3), Jalisco (3), Sinaloa (3), Veracruz (3), Chiapas (2), Michoacán (2), CDMX (1), Hidalgo (1), State of Mexico (1), Nuevo León (1), Quintana Roo (1) and Aguascalientes (1). The rest of the states did not report any cases until November 2018.
According to these data, in the Bajío region (with the exception of Querétaro and Zacatecas that report zero cases), 33.33 percent of the complaints for this crime are concentrated.
The Penal Code of San Luis Potosí states, in its Chapter VI, Article 162, that «Commits the crime of trafficking of minors, who transfers to another State or another municipality of the State, or delivers to a third party a minor of eighteen years of age. age, in an illicit manner, with the purpose of obtaining an undue economic benefit or of any other kind».
This crime will be sanctioned with a penalty of imprisonment of eight to forty years and a pecuniary sanction of eight hundred to four thousand days of the value of the unit of measurement and updating.
According to the Penal Code also commits the crime of Trafficking of Minors:
1. Those who exercise parental authority or custody over the minor, even if it has not been declared, when they materially carry out the transfer or delivery, or for having granted their consent to do so;
- The ascending ones without limit of degree, the collateral relatives and by affinity until the fourth degree, as well as any third party that does not have kinship with the minor.
It will be understood that the persons referred to in the preceding paragraph act unlawfully when they are aware that:
a) Those who exercise parental authority or custody of the minor have not given their express consent for the transfer or delivery.
b) Those who exercise parental authority or custody of the minor shall obtain an undue economic benefit or of any other kind, for the transfer or delivery, and
3. The person or persons who receive the minor.
According to official statistics, the crime of Trafficking of Minors would have been drastically reduced during 2018, since in 2015 91 cases were reported, the figure rebounded to 206 in 2016 and was reduced to 176 in 2017, to reach 2018 in only 36 complaints , distributed in 15 entities of the Republic.
In 2017, three complaints were registered in San Luis Potosí for trafficking of minors, while in 2015 only one was registered and in 2016 two.
At the national level, in 2017, Sonora accounted for 76.7 percent of victims related to child trafficking in Mexico, as 135 cases were reported in this entity.
In December of 2017, the National Human Rights Commission (CNDH) presented a recommendation addressed to the government of Sonora for that crime.
The recommendation was given that, on March 26, 2015, the Department of Internal Security of the United States would alert the Sonora Attorney General’s Office «about the possible trafficking of minors that took place in… that entity … attributable to public servants of the Children’s Hospital and the then Children’s Procurator’s Office «of Sonora.
Child trafficking or child trafficking is a form of human trafficking that involves the transfer or recruitment of babies, children or adolescents from one place to another to exploit them, the most common being the labor and sexual.
The United Nations Charter defines the trafficking of minors as «The recruitment, transport, transfer, reception or reception of a child for the purpose of exploitation».
The disappearances of children and adolescents turn on alerts in Mexico, because recently, the Network for the Rights of Children in Mexico (Redim) reported that every day, four children disappear in the national territory.
It should also be mentioned that in the period between January and November of 2018, San Luis Potosí registered five complaints for the crime of trafficking in persons, according to statistics from the SESNSP.
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