#Security | What happened in May?
That month had the highest number of homicides and arrests for drug dealing in the Carreras administration; and was also the second with the most research for drug production
By Roberto Rocha
May this year was the month with the most homicides during Juan Manuel Carreras’ almost three-year presidential term, with 50 intentional murders. It was also the month with more cases of drug dealing, with 44, and the second with more arrests for drug production in the state, with 23, just below March 24, 2018. In addition there were two kidnappings in the state.
It could be said that May 2018 was the highest point of organized crime in San Luis Potosí, at least since the current state administration began. But the reach of the historic highs responds to a gradual but steady increase in crime during the last three years.
Between October and December 2015, the first three months of the Carreras government, who took office on September 26 of that year, the number of intentional homicides had been 73, with an average of murders less than 26 cases per month, until May of the following year, 2016, when there were 35 cases registered.
In the following year, until May 2017, in nine months the barrier of 26 intentional homicides was overcome, which during the first eight months of the Carreras administration had been the top.
From there, from May 2017 to July 2018, the last month registered by the National Public Security System, only once did less than 30 homicides per month, in November of 2017, with 28 cases. On another occasion, in January of this year, the number of murders was 30. The rest of the most recent 15 months of the Carreras administration have had on average more than one homicide per day.
This effect is also shown on the rate of intentional homicides per 100 thousand inhabitants in the state.
During 2015 there were in San Luis Potosí 8.75 intentional homicides per 100 thousand potosinos. For the following year the rate reached 11.02 cases per 100 thousand inhabitants.
In 2017, there was a rate of 16.1 intentional homicides, while for this year it was 17.35 cases per 100 thousand inhabitants, despite the fact that the data from the Executive Secretariat of the National Public Security System say that it is 10.12 cases, since that figure It reflects a methodological error: it compares complete years against only seven registered months of 2018.
THE DRUG TRADE BOOM
During September 2015, when Juan Manuel Carreras took possession of the state government, the Attorney General’s Office of San Luis Potosí only started an investigative dossier for small scale drug trade.
By October of that same year, the number of cases was 7 and in November 2015, again of 1.
Then, from December 2015 to July 2016, the investigations for small scale drug trade fluctuated from 13 to 27 cases, until August 2016, rose to 36.
In the last two years, the state has never had less than 15 monthly arrests for drug dealing, and has exceeded 35 cases in each of the seven months of 2018.
NATIONAL LEADER IN DRUG PRODUCTION?
In the first seven months of 2018, San Luis Potosí was the state that registered the most crimes against health due to the production of drugs throughout the country, according to data from the National Public Security System.
Between January and July of 2018, 114 crimes for drug production were registered in the entity, a figure that, in only seven months, exceeds the 33 crimes of that type that existed throughout the state during the twelve months of 2017.
In addition, the number of crimes against health, in the form of drug production, of the first seven months of 2018, is much higher than the eight cases recorded during 2016 and the three that occurred in 2015.
In fact, at the national level, San Luis Potosí was the state with the most cases of drug production between January and July 2018, with 114 cases. It is followed by Baja California, with 100; State of Mexico, with 69; Nuevo León with 66 and Sonora, with 60.
In the Bajío region, Querétaro had 18 production cases, Guanajuato 14, Zacatecas 9 and Aguascalientes 8, during the first seven months of 2018.
HIGH IN KIDNAPPINGS
The month with the most kidnappings of the Carreras administration was June 2017, when six cases occurred. Since then, only one month has gone by without kidnappings taking place in the state, February of this year.
Before that, between October 2015 and May 2017, there were four months without kidnapping of any kind in the entity.
Despite this, 2018 would be the second year with the lowest rate of kidnappings in the state during the administration of Juan Manuel Carreras. In 2015 there were 0.76 kidnappings per 100 thousand inhabitants; in 2016, 0.94; a sequestration for every 100 thousand inhabitants in 2017 and 0.54 per 100 thousand inhabitants of maintaining the average number of kidnappings this year.
A DISASTROUS YEAR IN SLP
|HOMICIDES||DRUG TRADE||KIDNAPPING||DRUG PRODUCTION|
On August 22, the United States Department of State ratified the travel alert on San Luis Potosí, where it asked its citizens to postpone trips to the entity.
The alert keeps San Luis Potosí at level 3 alert, within the US protocol for visits to nations that, in their opinion, present some risk to citizens.
Level 3 advises visitors to reconsider trips to San Luis Potosí, as well as ten other entities. The warning warns that the trip should be reconsidered due to violent activity in different parts of the state.
The US government ordered its employees to travel outside the state capital only by day and through toll highways, in addition to a curfew from 1:00 to 6:00 in the morning, and not attend nightclubs and casinos.
“San Luis Potosí was only a passing way and now they are establishing themselves here, there is a lot of drug dealing, we are going to attack it”, Jaime Pineda, Secretary of Public Security.
“The government will be able to trap drug lords and extradite them, but the business and the market (of drugs) is there and there it will be”, Ernesto López Portillo, specialist in police institutions.
Also read: #Security | The most violent year?