Misogyny, even in jail
Prisons in SLP do not give women the same opportunities
In San Luis Potosí, misogyny is suffered even in prisons. According to the study on the compliance and impact of the general recommendations, special reports and pronouncements of the National Commission of Human Rights (CNDH), in the volume regarding Women and Gender, in none of the state programs for women in prison that the CNDH examined, there is a relationship – direct or indirect – with the recommendations of that organization.
The CNDH report considers that women detained in the jails of Tamazunchale and Rioverde do not have access to medical services or facilities, such as playgrounds, classrooms, workshops and sports areas on equal terms with men.
It is also mentioned that in the penitentiaries of La Pila, Tamazunchale and Rioverde there is no adequate or correct separation of men and women, particularly in the areas of entry, observation and classification.
In Rioverde, in addition, there is no exclusive area of intimate visit for women and men and in some of the centers both genders live in dining areas and patios.
Also in the prison of the Middle Area there is a lack of sufficient medical personnel to attend to the general population; lack of specialists for the specific attention of women in seclusion.
The study of the CNDH mentions that the current legislation in San Luis Potosí does not contemplate the construction of premises or establishments that have appropriate facilities for medical care, with spaces that allow the development of children, for children who live in seclusion with their mothers .
Nor is permanent training for managerial, technical, administrative and custodial staff, nor programs of attention to children who live with their mothers in the detention centers or facilities, nor care programs for the inmates to maintain the necessary contact with the daughters and children who live abroad.
The study also says that the current state law for people in prison does not require the creation of general and specialized medical care programs for women in custody, as well as the children who accompany them.
Adequate and sufficient food for people in prison or the performance of remunerated and functional work activities for their life in freedom are not considered, nor that the activities for women prisoners take into account the language, culture, customs and habits of indigenous women.
According to state laws, prison authorities in the state are not obliged to transfer the women prisoners to their place of residence or to have procedures manuals necessary for the application of disciplinary measures.
Other issues that do not appear in the Potosí laws are: permanent training for managerial, technical, administrative and custodial personnel for the prevention of torture, cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment; permanent training for managerial, technical, administrative and custody personnel for the rational use of force and conflict management to attend to contingencies or riots in prisons.
DOES SLP ATTEND THE RECOMMENDATIONS OF CNDH?
The CNDH study shows that the government actions carried out on women’s rights cite the same problems visibilized by the national agency. In the case of San Luis Potosí, the state worked on the existence of personnel trained in Human Rights, but without establishing or only citing the recommendations and proposals of the CNDH.
The CNDH found that only one program for women in seclusion exercised by the Women’s Institute of San Luis Potosí was cited, in which 37 women and 234 male police officers were trained. The Inmujeres of the federal government did not account for any program in the state.
The CNDH found that general recommendation 3, issued in 2002, did not lead to the creation of regulations of the current criminal enforcement laws, not even two years after the publication of that document.
In addition, until the 2013 CNDH Special Report, the existing legislation in the state did not refer to general and specialized medical care programs for women in prison. There was also no promotion of educational or labor activities.
In the period 2013-2015, it was one of the states without regulations of the laws for the execution of special sanctions for women in prison.
Another report, from 2008, suggests that the organic laws of the municipalities consider mandatory the creation of Municipal Women’s Instances, in San Luis Potosí that does not happen.
PEOPLE IN JAILS
|PRISONS||COMMON LAW||FEDERAL JURISDICTION||DETAINED||MINORS||TOTAL||CAPACITY|
|Cd. Del Maíz||13||1||1||15||44|
|Sta María del Río||87||3||1||1||92||54|
|Source: General Directorate of Prevention and Social Reintegration. Data as of December 31, 2015.|
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