Homicides with a firearm increased almost 15% in SLP
From January to December there were 303 murders with guns in the state
By The Sax
The homicides by firearm in San Luis Potosí have increased 14.77 percent between January and November of 2018, compared to the same period of the previous year. In eleven months past this year, 303 homicides with firearms have been committed, while in the period between January and November of 2017 there were 264, (in the whole year they were 289).
According to the data of the National System of Public Security (SNSP), until last November 428 intentional homicides have been committed in the entity, this means that 70.79 percent, that is, at least seven out of ten homicides were committed with weapons of fire.
In the case of femicides, from January to November, the State Attorney General’s Office (FGE) has opened 26 investigation folders for this crime. In nine of the cases (34.6 percent), the femicides have blinded the lives of their victims.
Last November, intentional homicides, in general, registered a decrease compared to the previous October, of 35 intentional murders occurred in October, the figure decreased to 31 in November. However, the cases in which firearms were used, went from 19 to 25.
As for the intentional injuries caused by firearms, the figures in 2018 remain the same as in the January-November 2017 period, with 184 cases. This represents 6.5 of the total number of complaints filed for fraudulent injuries before the General Prosecutor’s Office (2 thousand 829).
At the national level, in 2015, 57.6 percent of the intentional murders registered were committed with firearms. By 2018, the proportion of murders with this type of weapon increased to more than 70 percent.
The possession of firearms represents a violation of the Federal Law on Firearms and Explosives (LFAFE).
According to the statistics of the Criminal Incidence of the Federal Jurisdiction of the SNSP, between January and November the PGR has opened 315 research files in San Luis Potosí, for violations of the LFAFE.
According to the same source, the entities where there have been the most arrests of persons in possession of firearms are Baja California (thousand 429), Guanajuato (994), Michoacán (887), Mexico City (826), Tamaulipas ( 776), Chihuahua (763), State of Mexico (763), Oaxaca (614), Jalisco (531), Sonora (463).
They are followed by Puebla (455), Guerrero (450), Sinaloa (416), Nuevo León (363) and San Luis Potosí with 315.
The violation of the Federal Firearms and Explosives Law is the most frequent crime among federal crimes. It is committed when storing, carrying or transporting high power weapons and explosive devices such as grenades that are exclusively used by the Army. It is generally about weapons held by organized crime.
According to official figures, in 2017, one of every seven crimes for which the PGR initiated an investigation was due to the presence of weapons of high illegal power.
The crimes related to violation of the Weapons Law grew. The cases registered in 2017 are equivalent to a rate of 11.1 cases per hundred thousand inhabitants, an increase of 10% of this illicit with respect to 2016 in which the rate was 10.1 cases.
However, according to data from the National Defense Secretariat itself (Sedena), seizures of weapons in the hands of crime decreased by almost 75% from 2012 to 2017.
According to the data of the Sedena, in 2011, 32,340 firearms were confiscated throughout the country; in 2012 the figure dropped to 20 thousand 670. In 2013, 9 thousand 309 weapons were seized.
In 2014, the arms insurance collapsed to 6 thousand 465 weapons; in 2015 they were 5 thousand 447; and in 2016 it decreased to 3,506 weapons. In 2017 there was a small recovery with 5 thousand 82 weapons confiscated throughout the year.
Experts suggest that there is a great circulation of firearms in the country, fueled above all by illegal trafficking through the United States border into Mexico. If Mexican drugs are a health problem in the United States, American weapons are the spur of violence in Mexico and in that sense, those responsible for the epidemic of insecurity in the country.
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