ASAP

Crime seized SLP

70% of murders in México are related to organized crime

By The Sax

Last August 8th, it could have been a Tuesday like any other in San Luis Potosí, but it became one of the most violent days that have been lived for a year and seven months, when it began the administration of Juan Manuel Carreras López to the front of state government.

The kidnapping of a woman on Monday night, the finding of two people executed in Santo Domingo, one more hanging on a bridge in Mexquitic de Carmona, a shooting with a dead body and a wounded policeman north of the capital, put the population on alert.

Nor is it something unusual, from a time to date. The weekend of June 10th and 11th, for example, ended with a total of 10 corpses, some decapitated, others shot, some more dismembered, all of them apparently related to the struggles of criminal groups.

The lethality that has reached organized crime groups has become a real headache for the State and a cause of concern for society in general and its different sectors.

In a ceremony to destroy weapons, held in Military Field Number 1-F, the head of the Government Unit of the Ministry of the Interior (Segob), Monte Alejandro Rubido García, acknowledged that combating organized crime «is a task Which is not easy and simple because of the lethality that have reached the criminal groups.

The figures give the reason: according to Semáforo Delictivo and data of the Consultant Lantia, organized crime has committed 72 percent of the intentional homicides in the country. The official revealed one of the pitfalls that the state will have to fight in its fight against crime, but offered no strategy to deal with it.

San Luis Potosí of course is a mirror that reflects the national reality. Here the crime groups are responsible for at least 70 percent, that is, 151 of the 216 intentional killings that have been perpetrated in the state between January and June. They are increasing and there are no clear signs that the local authorities can control it.

In June alone, out of 56 malicious murders, 39 were organized crime executions. These killings are different from the rest because they are generally committed with high-powered weapons; The vice prosecutor Aaron Edmundo Castro Sánchez stated that in a considerable percentage of the different criminal acts where firearms are used, the percussive cartridges have been identified as .223 caliber, a projectile used in semi-automatic rifles such as the R15.

They are also distinguished by the degree of cruelty exercised over the victims. Torture is almost of necessity, as is the exhibition of the corpse. Cases of decapitation and mutilation have also been increasing.

Direct attacks against people are perpetrated from motorcycles, or moving vehicles. Lifters occupy commands; To raise a woman in Morales-Saucito on the night of Monday, August 7th, at least four heavily armed subjects were used, for example.

And the number of executions has been growing steadily: Of 40 malicious homicides that were registered January, 26 were executions; In February of 32 murders that there were in total, 26 were by adjustments of accounts. For March they were 20 out of 29; In April to 16 of 24; In May 24 of a total of 44 homicides.

In June, executions of organized crime accounted for 69.64 percent of the total number of homicides, according to figures from the Semáforo Delictivo. And this can be verified by consulting the journalistic notes that report on each of the murders committed in the entity, and that offer some details of the conditions in which the victims are found and the way in which they have been deprived of life.

On Monday, August 7th, Assistant Attorney General Aaron Edmundo Castro Sánchez reported that in the first week of the month, 9 homicides had already been committed. Among them, he cited at least 2 cases with performance characteristics: A young motorcyclist shot by other motorcyclists in Matehuala, and a 33-year-old man, who was killed in the Colonia San Luis Rey by a group of people who got out of a vehicle and were shot with high caliber weapons.

The following day, three people were reported to have been executed, bringing the number of homicides to 12 in eight days, five of them for alleged settlement of accounts.

August included 5 executions, but while writing these lines, during the morning of last Saturday, the body of a man was lifeless was found by passers-by under a bridge in the colony Tierra Blanca. The account does not stop.

The frequency with which executions occur and the apparent ease with which the bodies are exposed on the public highway, still close to the headquarters of police corporations like the Ministerial Police, generate an image of weakness on the part of the state to face this scourge.

There are studies that analyze the lethality of the federal government’s armed forces in clashes with organized crime cells. These analyzes raise an excessive lethality of the federal security forces: the Army, the Navy and the Federal Police kill more criminals than those who stop or those who wound in the fray. The state denies such a lethality, but, true or not, has the extermination of «suspected criminals» served at the hands of the state security forces?

Police and the Armed Forces «slaughter» «suspected criminals», but drug trafficking and related offenses, appropriated or administered by the cartels, remain rampant. Both dead in charge of law enforcement have contributed only to fouling the image of the government of Enrique Peña Nieto and even that of Mexico as an international country.

The lethality of organized crime, on the other hand, has more successful effects for its benefit. An obsessed body, humiliated by a crime group to intimidate another rival group not only causes fear in those addressed by the message, but throughout society and also of course, tarnishes the image of Mexico in the world.

The worst thing is that probably those to whom the message is addressed are not even afraid, or can not afford to be afraid, since they are aware that this is the luck they can run for having chosen or for having been forced to choose the path of delinquency.

While they feed their courage with drugs, alcohol and narcocorridos, citizen fear feeds on the rapporteurship that journalism makes of all these crimes. But you can not be silent either. If the news of the executions disappeared from the pages of the red note, even those who look badly at this section of the newspapers, would claim censorship and question «why it is not reported» or «why it is hidden» such information.

It is no less important to say that 70 percent of the murders are committed for one cause: organized crime. That means that if one day the state could control the problem or if they decided to stop the bloodshed, San Luis would again be the quiet state whose harmony hardly breaks the homicide in quarrel or old quarrels.

But the current image of violence is a spiral that continues to grow. Organized crime is undermining the country. It’s bleeding. Before they were one or two big bosses, who ultimately were unable or unwilling to slow down, or even encouraged the violence of their middle managers and their hitmen.

Today there are analysts who say that at the head of groups, cartels, or cells that operate drug trafficking and other high-impact crimes, are those hitmen, who were or were forced to kill even their own friends to get where are you. So what they do best is murder. They want to solve everything with a homicide. And reality makes them believe that that is possible.

Ernesto López Portillo

Without remedy

«Homicidal violence and what the state does to deal with it, they move independently. We have no information that the authorities modify the behavior of the homicides,» says Ernesto López Portillo, a specialist in police institutions, a consultant in Citizen Security and Reform Police in Mexico City.

In a report in the weekly Zeta, the activist who has been studying the phenomenon of violence for more than 20 years says that «The Mexican State has not published or given any methodology with empirical evidence on how to reduce homicide». In any case, he says, the growth or decline of executions walk independently of government actions.

That is, if a month is more or less executed than in the previous months, this does not depend on the state’s security strategy, but on the need or the desire of the bosses of criminal groups to eliminate someone.

In addition, Lopez Portillo who maintains that «the government will be able to catch capos and extradite them, but the business and the market (of drugs) is there and there it will be» and, under this logic, there will always be those who take care of it.

«It may be that the military authority understands it in one way, the Attorney General’s Office understands it from another, the police from another, but nobody shows methodology» to combat its violent effects, he says.

In the statements collected by Zeta, the academic warns that Mexico suffers endemic violence in homicides according to the classification of the World Health Organization, «and we do not have the medicine.»

Also read: #Security | The most violent year?

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