36% of SLP households have been victims of crime
7 out of 10 citizens report a crime near their homes
By El Saxofón
According to the National Survey of Urban Public Safety (ENSU, June 2018) during the first semester of 2018, 36.1 percent of San Luis Potosí households had members who have been victims of at least one crime of total or partial vehicle theft, robbery at home room, robbery or assault on the street or public transportation (includes bank robbery or ATM), robbery in a different way to the previous ones or extortion.
In San Luis Potosí capital there are 303 thousand 349 homes, of which, in 84 thousand 259 of them (27.8), some of its members have been victims of theft.
The statistics, explains the Inegi, includes the crimes total vehicle theft (automobile, van or truck), theft of accessories, spare parts or vehicle tools (automobile, van or truck), theft or assault in the street or public transport (includes theft in bank or ATM), robbery in house and robbery in a different way to the previous ones. Each informant may have declared more than one type of theft.
According to the Inegi data, in 37 thousand 17 households (12.2 percent) there is a victim of robbery or assault on the streets or public transport (includes robbery related to a visit to a bank or ATM).
In 36 thousand 224 households (11.9 percent) there is a victim of extortion and in 32 thousand 681 (10.8 percent) there is a victim of partial vehicle theft.
The Inegi figures show the situation that prevails in San Luis Potosí, as well as in the rest of the country, that is, most of the crimes are not reported by the victims, and there are only a few who arrive at the hands of the authorities and, worse, with few guarantees of sanction to the guilty parties.
While the ENSU reveals that in San Luis Potosí homes more than 84 thousand members declared themselves victims of robbery, in the official figures of criminal incidence there are only a little more than 6,000 formal complaints for this crime; this means that only 7.5 percent of victims filed a complaint, while 92.5 percent for various reasons did not go to the authorities to demand justice.
In the first semester of 2018, of 17 thousand 708 investigation files opened for crimes reported to the Attorney General of the State, 6 thousand 325 are for robbery in its various modalities. This means that 35.71 percent of crimes committed in the entity are some type of theft.
The statistic of criminal incidence of the Executive Secretariat of the National System of Public Security (SESNSP) contemplates 36 robbery modalities.
The most frequent complaints in the semester January-June, were for vehicle theft with 1 thousand 238 cases, 1 thousand 124 without violence and 114 with violence.
It is followed by robbery to a room with 928 complaints; 879 for house robbery without violence and 49 with violence.
In the third place, the business robbery continues with 792 cases reported to the authorities, 426 with violence and 366 without violence.
In fourth place is the robbery by passerby, with 643 complaints, of which 606 are for theft on public roads (449 with violence and 157 without violence) and 37 in areas open to the public (20 with violence and 17 without violence).
The other type of robbery that has recently rebounded, as we have highlighted in other installments, is the theft of motorcycles, which in the first six months of the year already totals 594 cases; 514 of the units have been stolen while they were stationed, and 80 have been taken from their owners with the luxury of violence.
In addition to this, it is necessary to consider the section in the statistics of crime incidence recorded under the concept of Other robberies, for which 1 thousand 663 complaints have been filed. Of these robberies, 1 thousand 464 have been committed without violence and 199 with violence.
With respect to the January-June 2017 period, theft increased by approximately 7.8 percent.
Theft is the crime that affects a greater number of citizens in the country, theft has become a crime very close to many people, either because they are witnesses of their commission or victims.
Many potosinos know the history or have even lived it in their own flesh, from the theft of a car, the raid on a house, there are even those who have been robbed on several occasions: they have stolen their cell phone in the street, they have taken them out the wallet in public transport, have assaulted their businesses, or have been the victim of violent assaults on public roads.
According to the ENSU, June 2018, robberies or assaults are the crimes with the highest levels of witnessing by the population in San Luis Potosí capital. 67.2 percent of the population over 18 years old mentioned having seen or heard about robberies committed in the vicinity of their home. This percentage has increased with respect to 2017, when 59.8 percent of the potosinos older than 18 years, mentioned this condition of testimony.
Theft implies economic, physical and psychological consequences. The looting of a house, the theft of a car or a cell phone, for example, imply a strong impact on the family economy; coupled with this, if the robbery is committed with violence, there are physical consequences for the victim, which may be injured by the offender in the course of a robbery; neither should the psychological imprint left by the fact of having become a victim, due to the impotence and fear of it happening again.
The penal code of San Luis Potosí, establishes penalties ranging from 2 to 12 years in prison, but everything depends on the amount of the stolen.
Analysts believe that the lack of punishment against theft weakens the culture of legality.
CRIMES AND PERCEPTION OF INSECURITY
Between March and June of this year, the perception of insecurity in the capital of San Luis Potosí fell by at least 3 percentage points, according to the results of the National Survey of Urban Public Safety (June 2018).
The percentage of the population of 18 years and over living in San Luis Potosí who consider that currently living in the city is Insecure fell from 89.6 to 86.6 percent, according to the survey conducted by the Inegi.
However, in its annual comparison, the perception of insecurity in June is still higher than the percentage recorded in the same month of 2017, when it was 78.1 percent.
San Luis Potosí continues being among the cities that register the highest levels of perception of insecurity, when being located in the range of 85.3 to 97.2 percent.
Also read: Potosinos are feeling more insecure