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10 thousand potosinos entered unemployment in a year

The unemployment rate went from 1.7 to 2.8%

By El Saxofón

In the middle of the economic boom that, according to the official speech, San Luis Potosí lives, the number of unemployed people has grown. The unemployment rate in the state increased from 1.7 percent in February 2017 to 2.8 percent in February 2018, according to data from the National Occupation and Employment Survey (ENOE), conducted by the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (Inegi). )


It seems little, but what this figure means is that in a year, just over 10 thousand people joined the ranks of unemployment.


At the beginning of the year, the head of the Secretary of Labor in the state, Manuel Lozano Nieto, said that in 2017 35 thousand jobs were generated. Despite that figure, in January, 27 thousand 826 people of working age and looking for a job, failed to get it.


After having registered the lowest rates nationwide in previous months, in the second month of the year, San Luis Potosí ranked 11th among the states with the highest unemployment.
Although they have rates higher than that of San Luis Potosí, unemployment fell in other entities of the Bajío region, in Guanajuato it went from 3.8 percent in February 2017 to 3.5 in the same month of 2018; in Querétaro, it fell from 4.1 to 3.7 percent of the economically active population.


Despite this, the unemployment rates in this area are among the highest in the country. Aguascalientes was ranked fifth among the states of the Republic with the highest unemployment, with a rate of 3.8 percent. Querétaro reported a rate of 3.7 percent, placing it in sixth place; Guanajuato was ranked eighth, with 3.5 percent.


At the national level, the Unemployment Rate was 3.3 percent of the Economically Active Population (EAP). The states that recorded the highest rates in February were: Tabasco (8.2%); the State of Mexico (4.6); Sonora and Tamaulipas, with 4.1%, each, and Durango (4.0%).


In February, unemployment in San Luis Potosí remained at the same level as in the previous month, January, when a similar rate of 2.8 percent was registered.
According to data from the Ministry of Labor and Social Security (STPS), San Luis Potosí has ​​an Economically Active Population of one million 218 thousand 530 people. Of these, 27,826 had no work in February.


In San Luis Potosí there are 1 million 190 thousand 704 people who have a job. In this context, 52 thousand 99 employers employ 796 thousand 290 employees. Meanwhile 277 thousand 179 people are self-employed workers.

 

 

WRONG EXPECTATIONS


In January, Lozano Nieto recalled that during the first quarter of 2017, San Luis Potosí registered an Open Unemployment Rate of 1.91 percent, classified as one of the lowest in recent years.
“The expectation would then be that this figure would be repeated, or even decrease in the first quarter of 2018”, he said.
Unemployment figures recorded in January and February indicate that this will not be the case.

THERE IS MORE EMPLOYMENT, BUT THERE IS ALSO MORE DEMAND


In the fourth quarter of 2017, the PEA in San Luis Potosí increased one percentage point and went from 58.3 percent to 59.3 percent.


More than half of the Potosí workers have found a working space in the services and commerce sector. When considering the employed population in relation to the sector of economic activity in which they work, it is observed that 18.8% work in the primary sector, 28.5% in the secondary or industrial sector and 52.1% are in the tertiary sector or in services and commerce. The rest of the employed (0.6%) did not specify the sector in which they worked.
It is noteworthy that workers employed in the industrial sector increased more than two percent in the fourth quarter of 2017. However, this increase comes hand in hand with the increase in the construction industry, as the extractive industry and electricity they remained unchanged, and the manufacturing industry, on the contrary, presented a decrease of 2.5 percentage points.


Between the period October-December 2016 and the same period of 2017, in the percentages of the population employed by sector of activity, it can be seen that the primary and tertiary sector decreased, going from 19 to 18.8, and from 54.2 to 52.1 per one hundred respectively; while the secondary sector increased by 2.4 percentage points, going from 26.1 to 28.5 percent.


Between the fourth quarters of 2016 and 2017, in the participation of the manufacturing industry, there was a decrease of 2.5 percentage points, going from 67.4 to 64.9 percent. On the other hand, the construction industry increases its participation by 2.5 percentage points, going from 29.6 to 32.1 percent; and the extractive industry and electricity, remains unchanged (3 percent).


In the tertiary sector or of services and commerce, the activity that contributes with the highest labor participation within this economic sector is commerce with 31.6%, followed by diverse services and social services, with 17.2 and 14% each. ; these activities in their participation in the employment of the sector in 2016 presented 31.2%, 17.2 and 14%, respectively.


If the employed population is observed according to the position it has within its work, it can be seen that 66.9% are subordinated and remunerated workers; while 4.4% own the production assets with workers under their care; 23.3% work on their own, without employing paid personnel; and 5.4% are workers who do not receive remuneration.

Manuel Lozano

 

Between the fourth quarters of 2016 and 2017, the subordinated and remunerated population increased by 1.4 percentage points; while those who work on their own, the unpaid population and employers decrease by 0.5, 0.7 and 0.2 percentage points, respectively.


Another characteristic of this population group is the size of the economic unit in which it carries out its activities (if only the non-agricultural area that represents 68.3% of the employed population is considered) in the fourth quarter of 2017; in micro-businesses, 51.5% of the population was employed; in small establishments 13.3 percent; in large and medium establishments, 16.2 and 7.5%, for each case.

Between the fourth quarters of 2016 and 2017, the employed population in the large establishments increased by 3.2 percentage points. On the other hand, micro-businesses, small and medium-sized establishments, decreased their percentage of employed population by 0.7, 1.1 and 0.7 percentage points, respectively.

The results of the ENOE indicate that, in the fourth quarter of 2017, all forms of informal employment had a variation of (-) 1.2% with respect to the same period of 2016, which represented 56.3% of the employed population.

In a detailed way, the percentage distribution of the informal employed population indicates that 39.3% specifically makes up the occupation in the informal sector, the annual variation of this population is 1.4%. This group constituted 22.1% of the employed population (Occupation Rate in the Informal Sector). In the rest of the modalities, the informal employed population is distributed as follows: 5.9% are in paid domestic work; 24.4% in companies, government and institutions; and 30.4% corresponds to the agricultural sector.

 

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Economic development has been one of the items that the state government has boasted most, although they have not fared as well as they say. Since the departure of Ford, at the beginning of 2016, Sedeco has not obtained any investment to replace it, although in fact, it has remained the attraction of companies to join the Industrial Zone of San Luis Potosí. Now, the percentage of unemployed potosinos has grown dramatically in just one year. While it is true that the number of potosinos with work grew in recent months, it is also true that they have not been able to create as many jobs as the increase in population demands. The government must expand the bet … or pay with the trial of history: continue giving everything to foreign companies or promote entrepreneurship among potosinos? #AllOrNothing

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